Top Gear's Top 9: sportscars with tiny engines

A replacement for displacement? 9 sportscars ahead of the downsizing game

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Jaguar XJ220: 3.5-litre twin-turbo V6
Starting with the biggest engine (really) of the set and working our way to the smallest, it’s Jaguar’s financially disastrous but unarguably cool Nineties supercar, the XJ220. Now, 3.5 litres isn’t a tiny engine by 2019 standards, but back in the early 1990s when Lamborghini thrived on V12s and the McLaren F1 was being developed, it was a rather small displacement.

Especially as the 1989 XJ220 concept car had promised a 6.2-litre V12, only to be replaced by the V6 from a Metro 6R4 rally car, delivering a massive (and laggy) 542bhp.

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Porsche 911 GT1: 3.2-litre twin-turbo flat-six
The 911 GT1 is the definition of ‘a racing car for the road’. It wasn’t really a 911 at all, more a 962 mid-engined prototype dressed up to look a bit like a 993 (or later, the fried-egg headlight 996) sportscar, designed to do battle with the McLaren F1 GTR and Mercedes CLK GTR at Le Mans. It won the famous 24-hour race in 1998, thanks to the reliability of its 600bhp 3.2-litre engine. The short run of 22 street legal ‘Straßenversion’ GT1s were detuned to develop 536bhp. Not bad for an engine smaller than what you’d find in the first Porsche Cayman.

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Honda NSX: 3.0-litre V6
Alright, calm down. Save the ‘but the NSX isn’t fast enough to be a supercar’ fighting for the comments, please. Fact is, the NSX was benchmarked to beat the Ferrari 348 and revved to 8,000rpm. Even though its 3.0-litre V6 only developed a mere 274bhp, it had titanium con-rods, which is exotic enough for us. Until the Audi R8, this was without a doubt the most sensible supercar of all time.

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Ferrari F40: 2.9-litre twin-turbo V8
Another engine intended for racing, the F40’s weeny 2.9-litre V8 was effectively a Group B refugee. Officially, it developed 476bhp, which was mighty in a car that barely weighed 1,100kg. In reality, few F40s left the factory making less than 500bhp. From a 2.9-litre!

Turbo lag has rarely looked so good.

(There was even a Koenig-Specials F48... click HERE

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Porsche 959: 2.9-litre twin-turbo flat-six
Suspiciously similar to the F40’s engine displacement, no? Of course it is –2 the 959 was also a Group B project left without a race series to compete in. In stock trim, it generated 444bhp and powered the 959 to a top speed of 318km/h. Conservative Porsche was happy to let Ferrari take the laurels for making the world’s first 320km/h car, it seems. (Mind you, a semi-secret factory upgrade allowed 959 customers to boost their engine to a massive 523bhp…)

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Ferrari 208 GTB: 2.0-litre V8 (yes, really)
Oh yes, supercars have had to dodge engine tax much longer than you might have thought. Back in the early 1980s, Italy slapped a major tax penalty on any car with a motor displacing more than 2,000cc. This was bad news for a small Italian sports car manufacturer called Ferrari. Cannily, it took the 308, and plumbed in a 1,990cc mini-V8.

Developing just 154bhp, the 208 GTB and GTS twins were so slow, by 1982 Ferrari had bolted on a turbo, to take power to a healthier 217bhp.

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Lancia 037 Stradale: 2.0-litre supercharged 4-cylinder
Can a car with a 2.0-litre four-pot really be considered a supercar? Well, when the car in question weighs only 1,170kg, had its engine mounted in the middle, is supercharged to churn out 208bhp and was the last rear-wheel drive car to win the World Rally Championship, you’ve got to admit it’s got some pedigree. That’s the Lancia 037, folks.

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Jaguar C-X75: 1.6-litre turbocharged *and* supercharged 4-cylinder
Now we’re talking. Building a hypercar with a sub-2.0-litre engine? Which nation would attempt such a preposterously plucky, ambitious plot? Of course, it was the Brits. Jaguar, to be precise, assisted by Williams Advanced Engineering. The plan was to put the beautiful C-X75 concept into limited production, albeit missing the gas-turbine engine of the concept car and instead going for a sort of maniac hot hatch-meets Porsche 918 Spyder drivetrain.

The 900bhp hybrid C-X75 was canned before it reached production, despite the prototypes showing hugely fast performance and promise. We’re still waiting for the bonkers twin-charged 1.6-litre four-pot to find its way into an F-Type…

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BMW i8: 1.5-litre turbocharged 3-cylinder
For now, its BMW which makes the most exotic-looking car with the smallest engine. Originally unveiled in 2014 (though still looking like a craft from two-hundred years in the future) the i8 is a plug-in hybrid utilising two electric motors and the 1.5-litre turbo’d 3cyl engine from… a MINI Cooper.

However, BMW’s upped power from the 136bhp you get in the retro hatchback to a meatier 231bhp. And thanks to a recent update and a 50 per cent jump in battery capacity, there’s now a 141bhp boost in the EV department, to get the i8 from 0-100km/h in 4.4secs. A quick car, then. A sportscar, no question. But is it a true supercar?

(Wanna read about the i8 Roadster? Click HERE)

STORY Ollie Kew

TopGear
Author: TopGear
Top Gear is a British television series about motor vehicles, primarily cars, and is the most widely watched factual television programme in the world.